In 2013, drug offenders were 16% of state prison population, violent felons 54%, and property offenders 19%, according to Heather Mac Donald in her book, The War on Cops. She further stated that federal prison drug traffickers were about 50% of the prison population as of 2014 and that federal prisons hold about 13% of America's total prison population. Furthermore, she stated there is less than 1% sentence for first-time drug offenders for simple drug possession in federal courts. Mac Donald stated that of the 562,000 black prisoners in state and federal prison in 2006, 4,495 were tried federally on drug charges. Methamphetamine (Meth) charges in 2006, of the 5391 charges, 54% were Whites, 39% Hispanics, and 2% were Blacks. Meth traffickers and crack carries identical penalties. Additionally, Mac Donald stated that as of 2013, Hispanics are 48% of drug offenders, Blacks 27%, and Whites 22 percent in federal courts. In state prisons, 3.6% of the population was for drug possession due to plea bargains and 12% convicted for trafficking. Drug possession did not drive the prison population from 1970 to present according to Mac Donald, between 1980 to 2009 drug offenses made up 21% of state prison growth.